18th March 2017: Her design creations are magnificent and spectacular. She is a prominent figure in Turkish Architecture. Ranked at 31st place in the Middle East Architect’s Power List of 2017, Melkan Gürsel has created her niche as a renowned architect in the world. With numerous awards to her credit, she joined
Tabanlıoğlu Architects as a Partner in 1995 and has been responsible to head the team with founder Murat Tabanlıoğlu.
In 2013, Melkan Gürsel and Murat Tabanlıoğlu were honoured with MEA Architect of the Year Award, along with ‘Architect of the Year’ by Big Project Middle East Awards. She was also selected as one of the “Fifty under Fifty: Innovators of the 21st Century” in 2015 and “Europe 40 under 40” in 2008. In spite of her great stature, Melkan is very humble and kind, who believes in pushing self to achieve more excellence in her work, as well as humanity.
She enlightens millions at national and international platforms with her lectures about architecture. She has been instrumental in contributing for the RIBA Annie Spink Award for Excellence in Architectural Education. Melkan Gürsel talks to Johnny D about her latest creation the Dakar Congress Center Project.
Melkan Gürsel: I am not a regular academic, yet I contribute to universities in Turkey and abroad as a lecturer, or as a jury member. I believe it is a mutual opportunity. I also learn from younger generation to understand their dreams and needs, and the potential for the future world.
MG: We are two different people with different views, yet sharing the same principles. In terms of architectural practice, we consult each other, discuss issues keenly and even dispute. I believe that is a great advantage, as we trust each other. To have a second reliable view is always valuable.
MG: From rural Turkey to New York, we have several projects for various functions and at different scales, from master planning to a public center. This week, we have won several MIPIM awards, which include 118 E59th Street Residences in New York, the BAKSI HUSAME KOKLU Women’s Community Center and the Beyazit State Library Renovation. We have around 30 ongoing projects, such as Crystal Towers in Dubai, a museum in Doha, natural history museum in Istanbul, a hotel project in Dakar just across the Congress hall, we completed 2 years ago, residential in Miami, several residential led mix use projects in Istanbul, such as Ataköy Tourism Center, which includes a master plan to be developed in two phases, etc.
MG: We believe in research and a team approach; the team includes engineers and consultants, and the client of course. Architecture is a system. You have to collaborate and adapt to the situation for the best and most feasible result. If a building works well and the people, who use it directly and even those, who only pass by are happy, it is a good building. Client’s demand is one of the entities to examine and understand – like topography for example, to produce the relevant and feasible architectural solution. We are lucky that our signature counted prestigious for the investments in Turkey, so we have the positive influence to convince the client in what we believe is right, in terms of good architecture and future planning of the new urban life-style.
MG: Three Congress Centers were built in Africa in 2010, 2011 and 2013 in Tripoli (Lebanon), in Sipopo (Equatorial Guinea) and in Dakar, capital of Senegal respectively, aiming a source of pride for the nation a symbol of reconciliation, the Presidents of countries stated. Following the first one in Tripoli, the President of Equatorial Guinea, who attended a conference in Tripoli admired the building and invited Tabanlıoğlu Architects to design the Congress Center in Sipopo. In the same manner, President of Dakar asked us to have the building ready for the 15th Francophone Assembly, where 75 world Presidents met. The building program and requirements were similar. Although the series of Congress Centers in Africa were all aimed to cultivate diverse social, cultural and diplomatic understandings, three Congress Centers were designed for different enclaves in Africa, which reflect the decided and active attitude characterizing the team of Tabanlıoğlu Architects. It is the expression of architecture that is capable of providing the framework for resolution and collective progress, an architecture that offers glocal solutions.
MG: In the context of building up, preserving and generating good relations are vital, as well as good structures. In the Congress Center, the artistic and visual value of the architecture, with strong reference to its ‘place’ professes to be passed down by modernity. However, it reflects an interest in the most contemporary character and symbolic expression. The direct physical and emotional impression produced by the presence of the Congress Center is considered as an attribute to the environment, while at the same time transforming it into the unique building has been the seed of the master plan, envisaging a new development. The space goes beyond the limits hermetic box and becomes the language of social communication of our time.
MG: As the product and construction capacity is limited, many ingredients transported from Turkey, including the know-how and professional man power for construction, Construction Company being a Turkish firm SUMMA. It is successfully designed and built in a very short period of 6 months.
MG: For Mediterranean architects like Tabanlıoğlu Architects, the changing effects of light and shade produced by the permanent solar movement are an essential part of architecture. Whether with filters or grids, in horizontal, vertical or enveloping development, the mesh systems used to screen the strong beams and to give life to the African Savanna with a presence. Three-dimensional skin becomes a powerful tool to create spatial sensations. A series of layers and spaces establish the transit from outside to inside and inside to outside. The composition is based on creating gradients or gradual steps between the world outside and the large meeting-hall. It should be open to the use of citizens, as well as hosting international diplomatic organizations. The space for the key function is configured as a central space, and surrounded by public and semi-public function areas such as public restaurant, museum-art gallery and the open-air fair zone.
MG: When we first visited the site, on the way back, I told my team that typical geography and the natural values should be our inspiration, especially the extraordinary, characteristic Baobab trees of Senegal, which are distinctive with their enormous girth, their second distinctive feature is great longevity. They have been important landmarks in Senegal’s dry Savanna plains; in oral histories Baobabs are cited as loci of battles, or as marking borders between States. In history, Kings were crowned beneath a tree, parley with envoys beneath the shadowy leaves and branches and trees mark the central public squares of polities.
So, our project should be reminiscence of both the natural and the traditional values; like being sheltered by an ancient monumental tree, the one-piece roof of the project encases the building stacks, and guards each construction dedicated to a special function against weather conditions like direct sunbeams and wind, a shelter and a place for good will.
MG: The site area is 77.446 m² and the usable area is 16.270m².
MG: Much less than a year.
MG: More than anything, the building is genuine to the land, a natural harbor providing a serene and secure atmosphere. The construction joins separate units like gathering strong collective identities of diverse nations, solving the needs of statesmen’s assemblies and associated events. The units of the complex connected via water and bridges linking the separate blocks accentuate notions of the community’s foundation-creation, duration-continuity and harmony-order, in both social and environmental realms. The rectangular blocks are nested in a semi-transparent metal envelop as a shield and create an implication of security, protecting the interiors from sharp sun beams yet benefiting the daylight at optimum. Mesh application flows around the building, protects the inner glass walls to reduce the heat in order to improve building’s energy efficiency. The twisted blades forming the texture of the mesh screen behaves like sun-break and grants a shady interior without hindering the accent of transparency. The building with its elegant veil visually merges to the surrounding water and creates eternal reflections over the water, especially at night, oozing beams through incise patterns become even more playful on the water.
MG: Positioning according to sunlight and wind; using water as part of the landscape, in order to benefit its cooling capacity; mesh application for shading and benefit the natural light and protecting the inner glass walls to reduce the heat, in order to improve building’s energy efficiency; the one-piece roof becomes long canopy to create shade at outdoors, so that people can spend time there even at warm hours. Moreover, it is not only a State building, but also welcomes all. That is how the genuine construction gains gestures of its own, becomes a natural entity of its environment physically and socially, in the language of contemporary architecture.
MG: We always start the project with our consultants, basically engineers, very often that we progressively develop ideas and discuss with them. Yet, architecture imagines and plans a life, whereas engineering calculates the chances to construct.
MG: We believe in team work, so the initial step for us is to organize workshops, to study the land, the requirements and strategies. We always agree that the structure should be in harmony with the environment and makes optimum use of natural resources. The main goal is to make the people happy, satisfied with the space, so you first need the think and empathize “who will use it?”
MG: I believe there is always a solution, and I always push for the better.
MG: They are as follows: